In the modern versions of C++ (starting from C++11) one encounters a concept of move semantics. It may confusing a bit, and in this post I am going to provide my notes on the topic (mostly based on Bjarne Stroustrup’s The C++ Programming Language (4th edition): sections 3.3, 7.7.2, 17.5.2). The first important concept is rvalue reference. For a type T, a rvalue reference is T&& (note the double ampresand). It basically represents a reference to a temporary object that is assumed to be modified and not used again.
In this post I am going to provide some examples of Git usage that may come in handy in case of unsuccessful previous actions during staging, committing, and merging. Let’s say you have staged some files to be further committed with git add and then change your mind. To unstage all or some files, invoke the git reset command (which is in a way an inverse of git add). A scenario for all changed files: